SPRINT was a ground-breaking research study funded by the National Institutes of Health to answer the following question:
"Will lower blood pressure reduce the risk of heart and kidney diseases, stroke, or age-related declines in memory and thinking?"
With high blood pressure being a leading cause of death and disability in the US and worldwide, and the number of people living with high blood pressure increasing, the NIH invested in a multi-center (102 sites), randomized (participants were randomly assigned to two different groups), research trial to compare two strategies for treating systolic blood pressure:
- The then current standard of <140 mm Hg and
- A more intensive goal of <120 mm Hg.